This article was originally published on 24 Feb. 2022 and was updated on 14 May 2022 to reflect new information.
***Please note that on 24 Feb. 2022, the government of Ukraine issued a decree placing the country under martial law. Under the decree, the government has reinstated a draft for Ukrainian males between the age of 18 and 60. These individuals may be prevented from exiting the country by the Ukrainian State Border Guard.***
This article highlights a selection of immigration options for Ukrainian nationals in the locations below. Please be advised that processing times may vary depending on the operation status of each country’s diplomatic mission. A sponsoring entity in the host country is likely required for many of the arrangements noted here.
Envoy continues to track various relaxed immigration considerations and non-work authorization related options worldwide for nationals departing Ukraine. Such options include temporary measures such as visa-free entry or the ability to enter as a tourist initially before changing to a work authorized status later. Additional information will be available as soon as possible.
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On 11 May 2022, the government of Andorra approved a decree that establishes the procedures for the reception of people displaced due to the crisis in Ukraine. Under the decree, 285 people will be eligible to receive residence permits or permission to remain in Andorra to work. Eligible individuals will need to register with the Register of Beneficiaries.
On 28 March 2022, the government of Andorra announced that Ukrainian nationals, stateless persons and third-country nationals and their family members who resided in Ukraine prior to 24 Feb. 2022 can apply for temporary protection in the country.
To obtain the status, these individuals should contact the Ministry of Foreign Affairs via email (firstname.lastname@example.org). Under this status, eligible individuals will be granted the right to reside and work legally on a temporary basis in Andorra. Permits will be issued for a period of two years. Minors will also be granted access to education.
Persons from Ukraine over the age of 16 must provide proof that they are vaccinated against COVID-19 by presenting a vaccination certificate or a recovery certificate.
The government of Argentina will grant Ukrainian nationals and their immediate family members permission to apply for an entry and humanitarian visa that will allow them to live and work in the country for a period of up to three years. To qualify, applicants must have been outside of Argentina and Ukraine on or before 8 March 2022.
Australia has prioritized the processing of outstanding visa applications from Ukrainian nationals across all visa categories. Close family members have been authorized to apply on the behalf of their family members in Ukraine. Automatic extensions for six months will be given to Ukrainian nationals in Australia who have a status expiring before 30 June 2022. Ukrainian nationals do not have to take extra steps to qualify and will be contacted by the Australian immigration authorities.
On 12 March 2022, the government of Austria announced that qualified individuals fleeing Ukraine can be granted residence under the Temporary Protection Directive until 3 March 2023. The government also published a webpage that can aid Ukrainian nationals in finding work options in Austria.
To obtain the right to residence in Austria, an applicant must submit their application to the Federal Office for Immigration and Asylum (BFA). The BFA will issue an identity card to the applicant. From there, applicants can register with the registration offices of the police. Ukrainian nationals will also have to register their place of residence with the Austrian government.
Ukrainian nationals will be permitted to enter Austria visa-free for up to 90 days so long as a biometric passport can be presented. Emergency passports are also being issued for Ukrainian nationals residing in Austria for a maximum period of 90 days.
On 11 March 2022, the government of Belgium announced that it will grant temporary protection to Ukrainian nationals, third country nationals, stateless persons, individuals with residence permits in Ukraine, European Union (EU) nationals who legally reside in Ukraine and who resided in Ukraine prior to 24 Feb. 2022, and non-EU nationals who cannot return to their country of origin. These individuals will be granted a work permit, along with any family members of these individuals.
On 3 March 2022, the government of Brazil published an Ordinance that Ukrainian nationals and stateless persons will be granted temporary visas and residence permits due to the conflict in Ukraine. The residence permit will be granted for a period of two years and will provide authorization for an employment permit.
In order to qualify, the individual must initiate the process with the government of Brazil after 90 days of remaining in the territory. To apply, individuals will need a valid travel document, a completed visa application form, proof of how they entered Brazil, and a certificate of criminal record issued by Ukraine. Eligible individuals will have until 31 Aug. 2022 to apply for the provisions of the Ordinance.
The government of Bulgaria announced that Ukrainian nationals who left Ukraine after 24 Feb. 2022 will have the right to temporary protection in Bulgaria. These individuals must register by 31 March 2022 in order to be issued a registration document with a photo and QR code. Ukrainian nationals will be able to register at a border checkpoint.
Ninety days of stay is allowed for Ukrainian nationals working remotely in Bulgaria. After the initial 90 days, work authorization is required. Some common work authorizations for Bulgaria include the EU Blue Card, the Single Work and Residency Permit and the ICT (Intra Corporate Transfer) Permit.
The EU Blue Card is valid for up to four years. To be eligible, foreign nationals must earn a minimum of BGN 2,100 per month and hold at least a bachelor’s degree.
The Single Work and Residency Permit is initially valid for three years. To qualify, a Labor Market Test must be completed prior to the application being submitted. In addition, the hiring company cannot have over 20% to 30% foreign nationals on the permit compared to the number of Bulgarian nationals working in the company.
The ICT Permit is a pathway open to managers, specialists and trainees that will remain employed by the home country company.
Generally, it takes around four to five months for the entire work permit application process to be completed.
On 17 March 2022, the government of Canada announced the launch of the Canada-Ukraine authorization for emergency travel (CUAET). Under CUAET, Ukrainian nationals will have access to an accelerated temporary residence pathway. The pathway will grant residency for up to three years in Canada. These individuals will also be permitted to apply for a three-year open work permit at the same time as the visa application. Eligible individuals include Ukrainian nationals and their family members of any nationality.
Applicants who do not hold a valid passport will still be permitted to apply and will be issued a single journey travel document on a case-by-case basis. Ukrainian nationals and their family members who are already in Canada will be permitted to apply for an extension to the current immigration permissions that they hold already or for an open work permit. The government will also waive any administrative fees associated with the program and application process. Applications can be submitted online and biometrics can be collected at any visa application center (VAC) outside of Ukraine.
Ukrainian nationals and their family members are exempt from COVID-19 vaccination entry requirements but must meet all other public health requirements for travel, including undergoing a quarantine period and testing requirements. For additional information on the CUAET pathway, click here.
On 3 March 2022, the government of Canada created the Canada-Ukraine Authorization Emergency Travel option for individuals fleeing Ukraine. Under this option, Ukrainian nationals will be granted an expedited pathway to relocate to Canada. Ukrainian nationals will be permitted to apply for this program and remain in Canada for at least two years. Background checks and security screenings must be completed prior to arrival in Canada.
The government announced that there will be no limit to the number of Ukrainian nationals permitted to enter Canada under this option.
The government is expected to publish additional details for Ukrainian nationals soon.
Ukrainian nationals currently residing in Canada on a temporary basis will be eligible to apply for an extension to their worker status. A dedicated service channel for Ukrainian inquiries has also been established for clients both in Canada and abroad. Clients who add the keyword “Ukraine2022” will have their emails and inquiries prioritized.
Ukrainian nationals with temporary residence status, who have received a job offer in Canada, will be permitted to begin working while their work permit application is processed. Open work permits can be issued to Ukrainian nationals so that they can legally remain in Canada.
On 17 March 2022, the government of Cyprus published updates for Ukrainian nationals and other third-country nationals who are granted concessions under the EU Temporary Protection Directive. Applicants can submit their application online through the government’s Asylum Service. The government also affirmed that the right to work will be granted to everyone without exception upon presentation of a temporary protection card.
On 5 March 2022, the government of the Czech Republic lifted COVID-19 entry requirements for those fleeing the conflict in Ukraine. These measures specifically apply to citizens of Ukraine, citizens of the Czech Republic, or another European Union (EU) member state and those holding residence permits of any EU member state who resided in Ukraine on or before 24 Feb. 2022. The government also made concessions for citizens of Andorra, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Norway, San Marino, Switzerland and Vatican City. Additional information can be found here.
Ukrainian nationals currently residing in the Czech Republic on a valid long-term residence permit will need to apply for an extension under the regular rules of extension. Ukrainian nationals holding a visa waiver, Schengen visa, seasonal visa or special work visa that expires in less than 14 days can apply for a special long-stay visa. Ukrainian nationals will be permitted to continue to work on a work permit after the expiration date.
Ukrainian nationals can travel to the Czech Republic without a visa so long as they can present a valid biometric passport. These travelers will be permitted to remain in the Czech Republic, visa-free, for a maximum period of 90 days in any 180-day period.
Ukrainian nationals with residence permit currently processing at an embassy abroad will be permitted to complete the application process in the Czech Republic.
An extension of stay has been introduced for any Ukrainian nationals who entered the country on a visa-free stay. Ukrainian nationals who are unable to leave Denmark within 90 days will be eligible to apply for a stay extension of 90 additional days. Appointments can be made here.
Ukrainian nationals who applied for a residence permit on the grounds of work or study can apply to the Danish Agency for International Recruitment and Integration (SIRI) for an extension of stay if they are unable to leave Denmark and return to Ukraine.
To qualify for a visa-free stay, Ukrainian nationals must have been issued a biometric passport after 12 Jan. 2015. Ukrainian nationals with a passport issued prior to 12 Jan. 2015 will need to apply for a short-term visa to enter Denmark.
On 8 March 2022, the government of Estonia officially approved the temporary protection directive. The government will grant temporary protection to Ukrainian citizens and stateless people by providing residence permits to Ukrainian and third-country nationals who are unable to return to their own country due to life-threatening circumstances.
The protection will allow these individuals to obtain a residence permit for a period of one year, which can then be extended. These residence permits will be granted within a day of entrance into Estonia so long as the individual can prove that they resided in Ukraine permanently prior to 24 Feb. 2022. Individuals will be granted health insurance, the right to work in Estonia and access to basic education for children.
The government is also working to amend existing laws to better accommodate Ukrainian nationals arriving in the country.
On 17 March 2022, the government of Estonia announced that it would cover the costs of expenses related to the procedure for issuing personal identification codes and for granting temporary protection to refugees and individuals fleeing Ukraine applying for status under the EU temporary protection directive.
On 16 March 2022, the government of Estonia announced that it would adopt regulations to extend the period during which Ukrainian nationals will be permitted to conduct short-term work in Estonia to 31 May 2022. This option will be open to Ukrainian citizens who are not eligible to apply for temporary protection because they were already living and working in Estonia prior to 24 Feb. 2022, and to Ukrainian nationals who hold short-term work authorization that expired or is about to expire.
The government of Estonia announced that Ukrainian nationals will be permitted to enter Estonia visa-free. Individuals who do not hold a biometric passport will also be permitted to enter visa-free and remain in Estonia temporarily.
Estonia will allow Ukrainian nationals, whose visa or basis of stay has expired or will expire in the near future, to remain in the country. These individuals will be able to apply for an extension of their visa or other basis for stay.
Ukrainian nationals will be permitted to enter Estonia without a biometric passport or entry visa.
Ukrainian citizens with a work permit that will expire soon will be able to continue working so long as their employer registers again with the Police and Border Guard Board.
The government of Finland has established new reception centres due to the increased need for accommodations for individuals fleeing Ukraine. These new reception centres will be opened in the cities of Salmiranta and Salo.
The government of Finland published additional information for Ukrainian nationals and other individuals who qualify for temporary protection under the EU Temporary Protection Directive.
This information includes the application process:
Qualified individuals who have arrived in Finland will need to visit the police or border control authorities of Finland and inform them of their intention to apply for temporary protection in Finland. These individuals will not be charged a fee for applying.
The government recommends that individuals apply for temporary protection status even if they have already applied for asylum because applications for temporary protection will be processed at a faster rate.
The Finnish police or border control authority will register the application for temporary protection and make a record of the following:
The personal details and place of residence of the applicant;
Details concerning the applicant's arrival in Finland and the route in which they traveled to the country;
Details of any family members;
Take a photo, fingerprints, and signature of the applicant
The Finnish police or border control authority will ask the applicant if they wish to only apply for temporary protection, or if they would also like to apply for asylum. During this time, the difference between temporary protection and asylum will be explained to the applicant so an informed decision can be made. Asylum applications can also be submitted later.
Following the registration, the Finnish Immigration Service will decide on the application.
The applicant will receive a decision by mail from the Finnish Immigration Service. The decision will be sent to the reception centre where the applicant is staying or to a private address if needed.
If granted temporary protection, the applicant will subsequently receive a residence permit card.
Any asylum application will be suspended if the residence permit is issued.
Generally, the processing time will take around two weeks. It will take an additional two weeks for the applicant to receive the residence permit card from the Finnish Immigration Service.
On 7 March 2022, the government of Finland announced that Ukrainian nationals and other third-country nationals who have resided legally on a long-term or short-term basis in Ukraine can apply for temporary protection under the EU Directive. To be granted the status, individuals must apply to the police or border authorities of Finland.
The government is still working to create a procedure for granting temporary protections status and guidelines for all the individuals that will be eligible for this status.
The government of Finland will continue to process residence permit applications as normal and is looking for alternative arrangements regarding the delivery of residence permit cards to Ukrainian nationals outside the country. In Finland, an initial residence permit must be applied for from outside the country. The government is looking into creating exemptions for Ukrainian nationals applying for residence permits within Finland.
The government of Finland has temporarily suspended issuing negative decisions that would involve removal from the country to Ukraine.
Ukrainian nationals are permitted to enter the Schengen area visa-free for up to 90 days.
On 1 March 2022, the government of France announced that Ukrainian nationals will not require biometric passports to enter France. Ukrainian nationals without a biometric passport will need to report to a consular post in a country bordering Ukraine in order to gain entrance into France. These individuals will be permitted to remain in the territory of France for 90 days.
On 4 March 2022, the government of France published information on the implementation of the Temporary Protection Directive. The government outlined who is eligible for temporary protection. These individuals include:
- Ukrainian nationals who were residing in Ukraine prior to 24 Feb. 2022;
- Non-Ukrainian nationals who benefit from protection in Ukraine;
- Family members of a person referred to in the above situations; including spouses, minor unmarried children, and dependent relatives;
- Individuals holding a valid residence permit who are unable to return to their country of origin.
Under the Directive, the government will issue provisional residence permits for a period of six months, grant authorization to engage in professional activities (so long as a work permit is acquired), provide schooling for children and give access to health care and housing.
In order to apply, eligible individuals will need to report to the government office of France closest to where they live or stay, provide any travel or identification documents in their possession, and be accompanied by any family members.
The government of Germany announced that Ukrainian nationals can remain in Germany until 23 May 2022 without requiring a visa. The government recommends several long-term rights to residence options for Ukrainian nationals who wish to remain in Germany after 23 May 2022. These include:
- Applying for a temporary residence permit;
- Applying for a residence title for a different purpose, such as to work or study at a university in Germany; or
- Applying for asylum. The government advises against this option for those interested in the right to employment in Germany
Ukrainian nationals can begin work in Germany as soon as they receive a temporary residence permit.
Germany will not require Ukrainian nationals currently in Germany for a short-term stay to go through the visa procedure in order to receive a temporary residence permit if they do not currently hold status. A temporary residence permit will allow Ukrainian nationals to remain in Germany for an additional 90 days once the 90-day short-term stay has ended.
Regarding COVID-19 restrictions, Ukrainian nationals entering the country will only need to provide proof of a negative test result prior to entry.
Normally, for a residence permit to be issued, the person must have entered Germany already holding the appropriate entry visa. As a result of a new decree, Ukrainian nationals who are staying in Germany without a visa or who enter Germany without a visa and who meet the requirements for a long-term residence permit (e.g., for family reunification, for studies, or qualified work) can apply for such status.
Ukrainian nationals are permitted to enter Hungary for a maximum period of 90 days within any 180-day period so long as they hold a valid biometric passport. In order to remain in Hungary for longer than 90 days, a residence permit must be obtained.
Ukrainian nationals and other third-country nationals fleeing the conflict in Ukraine may also qualify for temporary protection status in Hungary. In order to qualify, applicants must apply to the National Directorate-General of Aliens Policy (OIF). After applying and receiving approval, the applicant will be permitted to work in Hungry without needing a work permit. However, if the individual is employed for a non-short-term position, a work permit may be required.
Generally, it takes around 10 to 15 days to receive work authorization permissions from the Hungarian government. This timeline may vary depending on the length of time it takes to collect the necessary documentation.
Ukrainian nationals may also be eligible to apply for a White Card. The White Card is a residence permit type that allows foreign nationals to live in Hungary for a period of one-year while being employed by a company located outside of the country. In order to qualify, applicants must hold a valid work contract with a company outside of Hungary or own a share in a company with a valid profit in a country other than Hungary. Additionally, individuals must not pursue any gainful activity with a local employer while in Hungary. For more information, click here.
Individuals fleeing the crisis in Ukraine will be exempt from COVID-19 entry requirements.
On 7 March 2022, the government of Iceland activated the Foreign Nationals Act No 80/2016 to grant Ukrainian nationals fleeing Ukraine similar protections to those established under the European Union’s (EU) temporary protection directive. The concessions granted under the Act will align with the concessions established under the EU Directive.
Under the Act, individuals fleeing Ukraine will be granted a residence permit for a period of one year that can be renewed for up to three years. Under the residence permit, Ukrainian nationals will receive conditional access to the Icelandic labor market. The government emphasized that an employer must apply for work authorization for any impacted Ukrainian national.
The government is currently amending the provisions of the Foreign National’s Right to Work Act in order to ensure that a work permit and residence permit are granted at the same time.
Visa requirements have been lifted for Ukrainian nationals. Ukrainian nationals will be permitted to remain in Ireland for 90 days without requiring a visa.
On 10 March 2022, the government of Ireland released updates on the implementation of the temporary protection directive. Under this directive, Ireland will grant temporary protection to Ukrainian nationals, third country nationals or stateless persons, individuals with residence permits in Ukraine, European Union (EU) nationals who legally reside in Ukraine and who resided in Ukraine prior to 24 Feb. 2022, and non-EU nationals who cannot return to their country of origin.
Under the Directive, these individuals will be permitted to reside in Ireland for a period of one year. This period may be extended in the future. These individuals will also be granted access to the labor market, access to accommodations, social welfare, education, and medical care.
In order to qualify, individuals will be required to answer basic questions in relation to their needs and provide identification. The Department of Justice will grant a letter of Temporary Protection. Once the letter granting Temporary Protection is received, the individual will be allowed to participate in employment, self-employment and vocational training in Ireland.
The government of Israel announced that hi-tech skilled foreign national workers from Ukraine will be permitted to obtain an entry permit to Israel. These individuals will also be permitted to obtain a 90-day work visa in Israel so long as they hold an employment contract with an Israeli hi-tech company. Two tracks will be available under this scheme. One is under the Law of Return for persons of Jewish descent, and another is available for individuals who are not eligible under the Law of Return.
The government of Italy implemented the Temporary Protection Directive. Under the Directive, Ukraine nationals in possession of a biometric passport will not require an entry visa in order to enter and stay in Italy for a maximum period of 90 days. Individuals who do not hold a valid biometric passport or identification documents will be required to visit the Ukrainian Embassy in Rome.
Upon arrival, Ukrainian nationals are recommended to regularize their status in Italy. This can be done by visiting the Immigration Offices of a local police headquarters (Questura). At this visit, the Ukrainian national will receive a passport stamp and be required to sign a Declaration of Presence in Italy. During this time, the Ukrainian national will also be issued a receipt that will include a photo and a tax code so that the applicant will be granted access to the labor market and the National Health Service.
All foreign nationals entering Italy must continue to adhere to the appropriate COVID-19 measures and rules of entry. This includes undergoing a COVID-19 antigen or molecular test within 48 hours of arrival and self-monitoring for symptoms for five additional days.
Latvia will issue a long-term visa in order to provide the right to employment and stay in the country for Ukrainian nationals. The government advises Ukrainian nationals to carry any travel documentation when entering Latvia, however, a lack of documentation will not prevent the government from providing aid to Ukrainian nationals. Ukrainian nationals will also not be required to provide specific medical documents, such as a certificate of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test, when entering the country. The government has also created a government webpage dedicated to sharing information for Ukrainian nationals entering Latvia.
On 4 March 2022, the government of Luxembourg published updates for Ukrainian nationals gaining temporary protection status. The government affirmed that Ukrainian nationals entering the country will not need to apply for a work permit in order to take up employment in the country and instead can be hired and employed under statutory employment contracts, subject to the provisions of the Labour Code.
The government of the Netherlands announced that Ukrainian nationals who can provide proof of their identity, origin or lawful residence in Ukraine (with passports, birth certificates, or residence papers, for example) can register with a local municipality to be granted various concessions. Ukrainian nationals will not be required to report to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (IND) when arriving in the Netherlands, and instead will only need to report to an emergency reception center in the cities of Groningen, Utrecht, Amsterdam or Maastricht.
Ukrainian nationals are also permitted to enter the Netherlands with a biometric passport, and they can remain in the country for a period of 90 days without a residence permit.
The government of New Zealand announced that applications for the 2022 Special Ukraine Visa will remain open for 12 months beginning 15 March 2022. New Zealand citizens will be permitted to sponsor family members from Ukraine for temporary status.
To qualify, New Zealand citizens will need to complete an expression of interest (EOI) and nominate their family members. Ukrainian nationals who are already in New Zealand when their family member nominates them will be permitted to apply for the temporary status. Ukrainian nationals who are outside of the country or cannot apply for themselves will be permitted to allow their family member to apply on their behalf.
Eligible Ukrainian applicants for the 2022 Special Ukraine Visa must have family members in New Zealand. Eligible family members in New Zealand include:
Parents, grandparents, siblings and adult children
These individuals must also be:
- A New Zealand citizen or the holder of a current residence class visa;
- Be ordinarily resident in New Zealand;
- Have been born in Ukraine, or have held citizenship or be a permanent resident in Ukraine prior to becoming a citizen of New Zealand; and
- Be an acceptable sponsor for a temporary visa
The visa will be granted for a period of two years with the ability for adults to work in New Zealand and for children aged 18 and under to study in New Zealand.
On 8 March 2022, the government of New Zealand announced that it will allow Ukrainian nationals in New Zealand who have visas that will expire at the end of the year to remain in the country for an additional 12 months.
The government will also permit Ukrainian nationals who hold a valid visa for New Zealand but are out of the country to enter without waiting for the border to reopen. These individuals must adhere to the COVID-19 health requirements prior to entry.
New Zealand has prioritized urgent visa applications from Ukrainian nationals. The Visa Application Centre (VAC) in Kyiv is currently closed, however, applications can be submitted online via Immigration New Zealand’s website.
On 11 March 2022, the government of Norway announced that temporary collective protections would be provided to Ukrainians who fled the war in Ukraine and their family members. Under this announcement, Ukrainian nationals will be granted a protection permit for a period of one year. However, this permit does not form the basis of permanent residence. The permit will give eligible individuals the right to temporary health care, work and schooling in Norway.
In order to qualify, applicants must be able to present proof of their identity and nationality. This can be done by presenting a Ukrainian passport or ID card. Under the scheme, applicants and asylum seekers will be granted a permit as a member group, rather than based on an individual assessment of each individual's case. The permit will be granted for a period of one year and allow the individual to work and bring their family to Norway.
Ukrainian nationals can enter the Philippines under irregular entry without holding a valid passport, travel documents or an entry visa. Under irregular entry, foreign nationals will be assessed by the immigration authorities of the Philippines. The government will assess whether the Ukrainian national qualifies as an asylum seeker and, if approved, the individual will be granted an asylum application.
Applicants will be required to provide any documents needed to support the claim for asylum and undergo an interview. Approved asylum seekers will be issued appropriate visa and identification documents. Individuals will also need to acquire a paper-based Alien Certificate of Registration (ARC) or ARC Identity Card from the Immigration Bureau office nearest to their place of residence.
For more information, click here.
On 12 March 2022, the government of Poland signed a law to aid Ukrainian citizens. Under this law, Ukrainian citizens who fled Ukraine due to the conflict will be permitted to legally stay in Poland for a period of 18 months. Additionally, these individuals will be assigned a Universal Electronic System for Registration of the Population (PESEL) number in order to have access to public services. The government also asserted that Ukrainian nationals will be granted the right to work in Poland.
Eligible foreign nationals can enter Poland for a period of 90 days visa-free before they will be required to apply for a residence permit. The Blue Card or Single Permit are residence permit types for highly qualified foreign nationals. While applying for a Blue Card or Single Permit processes, a foreign national can remain in Poland, even if the initial 90-day, visa-free limit has been reached.
Eligible Ukrainian nationals can apply for Special Permissions and gain work authorization for up to two years in Poland. After the initial application is submitted, a Ukrainian national can enter and work in Poland for up to 90 days if they hold a biometric passport. After the initial 90-day period, a Ukrainian national will need to obtain a residence permit and further work authorization to continue to work in Poland. Residence permits are issued for up to three years.
Processing times vary by work authorization type, but generally it takes around nine to ten months for the entire work permit application process to be completed.
On 11 March 2022, the government of Portugal approved the concessions provided under the Temporary Protection Directive. In addition, the government will also extend the temporary protections to non-Ukrainian citizens, third country nationals or stateless persons and their family members who benefited from international protection in Ukraine.
On 10 March 2022, the government of Portugal launched a platform in response to the crisis in Ukraine. The platform outlines the process for Portuguese companies to hire Ukrainian nationals and provides information for Ukrainian nationals needing to obtain international protection documents.
On 4 March 2022, the government of Portugal announced that it will expedite applications for temporary protection for Ukrainian citizens upon entry into Portugal.
Instructions were sent to the Embassies of Portugal in Ukraine and neighboring countries to immediately grant visas and aid in actions to identify work opportunities and the immediate allocation of identification numbers so that residence permits can be granted for Ukrainian citizens.
The government of Russia will allow citizens of Ukraine, stateless persons who resided in Ukraine permanently and persons holding Ukrainian migration cards to apply for citizenship under simplified procedures. Under these simplified procedures, the above-listed persons will not be required to obtain a temporary residence card prior to applying for residence and Russian citizenship.
Some foreign national employees who relocate from Ukraine to Serbia may be eligible to obtain a temporary residence White Card. The White Card will be issued after a foreign national has registered their stay with the Ministry of Interior and the local police within 24 hours of arrival.
Once the White Card is issued, the foreign national will be required to wait until the Residence Permit is issued. After obtaining the Residence Permit, the foreign national will need to apply for a work permit to continue to work and live in Serbia.
Generally, it takes around 24 hours to obtain the White Card, around 40 days to be granted a Residence Permit, and about one to two months to obtain a work permit.
Slovakia will allow Ukrainian nationals, their relatives without Ukrainian nationality and children of the husband of a Ukrainian citizen to receive temporary refuge in Slovakia. To be eligible, the individual must be able to prove their identity and nationality. Applicants can also provide proof of identification if they have both a driving license and birth certificate, travel documentation, an identity card or any other document with a photograph presented with their birth certificate.
Employees who relocate from Ukraine to Slovakia have several work authorization options, including the Temporary Residence Permit and A Single Permit. Temporary Residence Permits are typically issued to employees on a foreign payroll assigned to Slovakia for business purposes. Single Permits are typically issued to employees on a local payroll with a Slovakian entity.
Ukrainian nationals are permitted to apply in-country but must exit the country when the application is processed and can only re-enter once the work permit is granted. Generally, the entire process can take anywhere from five to ten months. For additional information on required documents, click here.
As of 10 March 2022, the government of Slovenia will offer temporary protection to persons displaced from Ukraine due to military invasion. For additional information on qualified individuals, click here.
To be granted temporary protection in Slovenia, the individual must:
- Declare that they intend to apply for temporary protection upon entry into Slovenia;
- Complete an application for temporary protection form and submit the form to the police in Slovenia;
- Present any evidence that is relevant to the application, if available. This can include biometric passports, travel documents, and more; and
- The government of Slovenia will review and decide regarding the application
Individuals granted protection will receive a card that serves as a valid temporary residence permit for Slovenia.
Ukrainian nationals and other individuals protected under the Temporary Protection Directive who are currently living in Slovenia will also be permitted to apply for temporary protection.
The following individuals qualify to receive temporary protection status in Spain:
- Individuals who left Ukraine on or after 24 Feb. 2022 and their family members;
- Ukrainian nationals who resided in Spain prior to 24 Feb. 2022 and can no longer return to Ukraine as a result of the crisis, and their family members;
- Third-country nationals who held legal residence in Ukraine prior to 24 Feb. 2022 who cannot return to their country of origin; or
- Children under the age of 18 who hold a legal relationship to any of the groups described above.
The application for temporary protection status must be made in person at one of the established receiving centers throughout Spain. This includes specific police stations, reception centers, and assignment centers established in the cities of Madrid, Barcelona, and Alicante.
The applicant will receive a receipt confirming their status under the Temporary Protection Directive and will be permitted to remain in Spain.
On 9 March 2022, the government of Spain launched a streamlined system for providing displaced persons from Ukraine with access to the temporary protections provided under the EU Temporary Protection Directive.
In order to be granted these protections, displaced persons fleeing Ukraine will need to report to the National Police of Spain, where their identification data and other information will be collected. Translators will be made available to anyone who needs support. From there, these individuals will be issued a receipt accrediting their request for protection and assigned a foreign national ID number (NIE). These individuals will also be granted residence and work permits for Spain.
The government of Sweden announced that people who have fled from Ukraine since 24 Feb. 2022 can be granted a residence permit with temporary protection. The residence permit will initially be valid until 4 March 2023, with the possibility of extending it for another two years. These individuals will also be granted a work permit to allow them to work in Sweden. The government will also provide individuals protected under the Temporary Protection Directive access and registration in Sweden’s jobseeker application.
Ukrainian nationals and their family members (partners, minor children and other close relatives who were fully or partially supported in Ukraine) may seek protection in Switzerland and obtain an S Permit, so long as they had resided in Ukraine prior to 24 Feb. 2022.
The S Permit is initially valid for a maximum period of one year and can be extended for an additional one-year period. After a period of five years, an individual receiving protection in Switzerland may be permitted to obtain a B residence permit. The B residence permit is valid until the temporary protection is lifted.
Individuals granted an S Permit will be permitted to travel abroad and return to Switzerland with a travel permit. Additionally, this group can participate in gainful employment, including self-employment options, without having to undergo a waiting period.
To apply, Ukrainian nationals and other individuals granted protection in Switzerland will need to report to a Federal Center for Asylum seekers (FCA). During this time, the S Permit will be processed.
Individuals who already hold a valid address in Switzerland are permitted to pre-register their application here. These individuals will receive a written confirmation message by mail, as well as an invitation to a FCA by email to register their application for protection. Applicants must attend an in-person meeting at the FCA for the S Permit application to be processed.
Generally, it takes around seven working days for an S Permit application to be processed and granted.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) currently does not authorize unique special permissions for Ukrainian nationals fleeing the conflict in Ukraine. Ukrainian nationals who do enter the country will be granted a 30-day visa upon arrival. No fee is associated with the initial visa. After the initial 30-day period has passed, Ukrainian nationals may apply for an extension to their visa for a total stay of 60 days. To qualify, Ukrainian nationals must visit an immigration office in the UAE and pay a government fee of AED 950.
If an applicant wishes to remain in the UAE for more time, they will be permitted to apply for an in-country 90-day Tourist Visa by visiting a local immigration office. Neither the Tourist Visa nor the initial entry visa grants work authorization to a foreign national.
If a foreign national accepts employment in the UAE while on a Tourist visa, they can work with their employer to convert the visa into a business visa. Once work authorization is granted, the foreign national will be permitted to begin working in the UAE.
Ukrainian nationals holding employment with an employer outside of the UAE may be eligible for a Remote Work Visa. The Remote Work Visa is initially valid for one year and permits multiple entries into the country. This status can be renewed for an additional year, allows the holder to sponsor a family dependent visa, rent housing in the UAE and open a bank account.
To qualify, the applicant must provide proof of employment with a current employer located outside of the UAE and hold a minimum one-year employment contract that pays a minimum monthly salary of USD 5,000.
Generally, it takes seven to 10 business days for this type of work authorization to be granted.
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United Arab Emirates
On 12 April 2022, the government of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) announced that eligible Ukrainian nationals will be permitted to apply for a residency visa that will be granted for a period of one year. To qualify, Ukrainian nationals must have been in the UAE prior to 23 Feb. 2022 and must be able to provide a copy of their passport that is valid for at least six months, a medical report and health insurance. Applicants can submit their applications here.
The government of the United Kingdom (UK) launched a “Home for Ukraine” scheme that will allow UK nationals, charities, community-based groups, and businesses to sponsor Ukrainian nationals fleeing the war in Ukraine. This will allow Ukrainian nationals without family ties in the UK to enter the country. Applications for the scheme will open 18 March 2022.
On 14 March 2022, the government of the UK launched the initial website that will allow sponsors to record their interest ahead of Phase One of the scheme.
On 10 March 2022, the government of the United Kingdom (UK) announced additional measures to simplify the Ukrainian Family Scheme. Beginning 15 March 2022, Ukrainian passports holders will no longer be required to attend in-person appointments to submit fingerprints and facial verification prior to arriving in the UK. The government will also provide confirmation of permission to travel to the UK, allowing for most applications to be completed online and without the need of visiting a visa application center.
Applicants who applied online will be granted a visa for a period of six months, which will allow them to work, study, and claim benefits in the UK immediately. Once biometric data is submitted, these individuals' stay will be extended to 36 months.
On 2 March 2022, the government of the United Kingdom (UK) announced plans for a new sponsorship scheme to open for Ukrainian nationals. The scheme will allow certain individuals and entities to sponsor Ukrainian nationals. These individuals will include community organizations, private sponsors, and local authorities.
The government announced that there will be no limit to the number of Ukrainian nationals who can enter the UK via this scheme. Under the scheme, Ukrainian nationals will be granted leave for an initial period of 2 months and be able to work and access public services in the UK.
The government is expected to publish additional details on the scheme in the coming days.
Non-British family members of British nationals currently in Ukraine can apply online for a family migration visa. To qualify, the British family member must be either a spouse or unmarried partner who has lived with their partner for at least two years, a parent of an applicant under the age of 18 or a dependent adult relative.
Applicants will need to apply to the UK Visa and Immigration office and receive confirmation. Individuals in Ukraine can also apply through a UK Visa Application Centre (VAC) in the nearby countries of Poland, Romania, Hungary, or Moldova.
These are just a few pathways in which Ukrainian nationals can relocate to another country for work. Envoy will continue to monitor and provide additional information related to the situation in Ukraine as it becomes available. Please consult your organization’s global immigration team for specific guidance.
Content in this publication is for informational purposes only and not intended as legal advice, nor should it be relied on as such. For additional information on the issues discussed, consult an attorney at one of the two U.S. Law Firms working with the Envoy Platform or another qualified professional. On non-U.S. immigration issues, consult an Envoy global immigration service provider or another qualified representative.
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