Ireland: Country-Specific Brexit Information

Last Updated on February 23, 2023

Many changes that apply to UK nationals living and working in Europe will not apply to residents of Ireland during or after the Brexit transition. UK nationals’ rights in Ireland are protected through the Common Travel Area (CTA), which is an arrangement between the UK and Ireland that provides many rights to citizens of both countries. The reciprocal agreement between the two countries permits free movement between the two nations for citizens of both countries. It also simplifies work and residency requirements.

Entry and Residency Requirements

UK nationals do not need a visa or residency permit to work, study, or live in Ireland before or after the Brexit transition. UK and Irish citizens can live, work, and travel freely to and from each other’s countries under the Common Travel Area.  

Working in Ireland

Under the CTA, citizens of the UK do not require a residency permit or visa to study, work, or live in Ireland.

UK citizens should note that some jobs in Ireland require a UK criminal records check. Alternatively, UK nationals may obtain a police certificate from Gardai.


Travel rules will remain the same between Ireland and the UK after the end of the Brexit transition. Rules on travel within the EU will stay the same through December 31, 2020. During that time, UK nationals may travel to countries in the EU and Schengen area with their UK passport. UK nationals should ensure that their passport is valid for the duration of their trip.

Starting on January 1, 2021, travel is permitted in the Schengen area for up to 90 days in a 180-day period without a visa to visit family or friends; attend business meetings, sports events, or cultural events; for tourism, and for short-term study or training. Travelers should note that visits to other Schengen countries within the previous 180 days also count towards the 90-day maximum stay. Any days spent in Ireland before January 1, 2021 will not count towards the 90-day limit.